Date : 22.11.2017
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PO PARTAP NAGAR, NANGAL DAM,
COURT JUDGEMENTS ON GDS GRATUITY.
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ITEM NO.36 COURT NO.9 SECTION XV
SUPREME COURT OF INDIA
RECORD OF PROCEEDINGS
Petition(s) for Special Leave to Appeal (Civil) No(s).21309/2006
(From the judgement and order dated 18/05/2006 in CWP No. 7576/2006 of
The HIGH COURT OF PUNJAB & HARYANA AT CHANDIGARH)
SR.SUPERINTENDENT,P&T HOSHIARPUR Petitioner(s)
SHAM DULARI & ORS. Respondent(s)
Date: 07/12/2007 This Petition was called on for hearing today.
HON'BLE MR. JUSTICE A.K. MATHUR
HON'BLE MR. JUSTICE MARKANDEY KATJU
Mr. R. Mohan, ASG
Ms. Kiran Bhardwaj, Adv.
Mr. V.K. Verma,Adv.
Mr. D.S. Mahra,Adv.
Mr. Sanjay Parikh, Adv.
Ms. Anitha Shenoy ,Adv.
Mr. Jitin Sahni, Adv.
Mr. A.N. Singh, Adv.
Ms. Mamta Saxena, Adv.
UPON hearing counsel the Court made the following
Heard learned counsel for the parties.
We are not inclined to interfere in this Special Leave Petition.
The same are accordingly, dismissed.
However, the question of law is left open.
(Sukhbir Paul Kaur) (Vijay Dhawan)
Court Master Court Master
IN THE HIGH COURT OF PUNJAB AND HARYANA JUDGEMENT OF GDS GRATUITY AT CHANDIGARH CWP No. 7576 of 2006
Date of Decision: May 18, 2006
Sr. Supdt. of Post Offices ... Petitioner
Smt. Sham Dulari and others ... Respondents
CORAM: HON'BLE MR. JUSTICE M.M. KUMAR
HON'BLE MR. JUSTICE M.M.S. BEDI
PRESENT: Mr. MS Guglani, Advocate for the petitioner
M.M. KUMAR, JUDGE
The Senior Superintendent of Post Offices, Hoshiarpur has challenged order dated 21.8.2003 (Annexure P.3) of the Controlling Authority appointed under the Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972 whereby he has been directed to pay a sum of Rs.12, 286/- as gratuity alongwith interest @ 10 percent from 25.12.2001 till the date of payment to the claimant. The afore-mentioned order has been upheld by the Appellate Authority i.e. Regional Labour Commissioner (Central), Chandigarh, vide its order dated January 5, 2006 (P-6)
Brief facts of the case are that one Shri Ram Murti was appointed as Extra Departmental Agent (EDA) on 4.9.1982 and he retired from service on 24.11.2001 after rendering 18 years 9 months and 25 days of continuous service who is now represented by his widow. After one month he died and had nominated his wife (hereinafter to be referred as respondent workman). The department of the Post Office represented through the petitioner had paid him an amount of Rs.16, 520/- as gratuity in accordance with the Post and Telegraph Extra Departmental Agent (Conduct) Service Rules, 1964 (for brevity EDA Rules). However, his widow has claimed gratuity under sub rule 1 of Rule 10 of the Payment of Gratuity (Central) Rules, 1972. She has claimed a sum of Rs.57, 692/- for the period of service rendered by her husband (18 years 9 months and 25 days). Despite representation made to the petitioner department for grant of balance amount of gratuity under the Payment of Gratuity Act, I 972 (for brevity 'the Gratuity Act') the same has not been paid to the respondent-workman. The Controlling Authority came to the conclusion that the case of the respondent- workman was covered by the definition of expression 'employee' as used in Section 2( e) of the Gratuity Act. It was also admitted by the petitioner- department that services of the respondent-workman has been considered out of the purview of Central Civil Service Rules. Placing reliance on Section 14 of the Act, the Controlling Authority held that payment of gratuity to any person cannot be denied on the ground of any other provision in any other Act/ Statute or Rules. Therefore, the plea that under the EDA Rules the gratuity is payable and the same would take the case of the respondent-workman out of the purview of the Gratuity Act has been rejected. Accordingly, an amount of Rs. 28,806/- has been calculated to be payable amount as gratuity under the Gratuity Act by taking into account the service period of 19 years of the respondent- workman. As the amount of Rs.16,520/- stands already paid, the balance amount of Rs. 12,286/- has been worked out. Accordingly a direction was issued for payment of the afore-mentioned amount. The order of the Controlling Authority was challenged by the petitioner- department before the appellate Authority cum Regional Labour Commissioner who rejected the argument that the services of the workman were regulated by the Central Civil Service Rules according to the judgement of the Supreme Court rendered in the case of U.O.I. and others v. Kameshwar Parshad 1997) 11SCC 650 by observing that Hon'ble the Supreme Court did not hold that EDA employees were holding the post under the Central Government. It was' infact held that they were Civil servants and were entitled to protection of Article 311 (2) of the Constitution. The view of the Appellate Authority -is evident from the concluding two paras of the order and the same reads as under:
"In this case, it is transparently clear that the post held by the husband of the respondent/applicant was a post not governed under CCS (Pension) Rules. The respondent/employee was Extra Departmental Branch Postmaster in the establishment of postal departmental and as such he was not holding a post under the Central Government. The service condition of the workman was governed under provisions of Extra Departmental Agents now known as Gramin Dak Sewaks but the provisions of the act are less favourable than the Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972. Hence, the ld. Controlling Authority has rightly held that the respondent/employee is an employee within the purview of Section 2(e) of the Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972.
In view of the above findings, this Appellate Authority after affording the opportunities to the parties hereby confirmed the decision dated 21.8.2003 of the ld. Controlling Authority-cum-Asstt. Labour Commissioner (C) Chandigarh."
Mr M.S.Guglani, learned counsel for the petitioner has submitted that an employee has been defined in Section 2(e) of the Gratuity Act and it does not cover any such person who is governed by some other rules of the department. According to the learned counsel, the EDA Rules 1964 which are now known as Gramin Dak Sewak (Conduct and Employment) Rules, 2001 regulate the payment of gratuity to the workman and, the Gratuity Act would not be applicable. Accordingly, gratuity has to be paid to them in accordance with the EDA Rules. Therefore, the view taken by the Controlling Authority or the Appellate Authority accepting the workman respondent as an employee under the Act is absolutely incorrect. Learned counsel has further submitted that under the EDA Rules, the workman respondent has already been paid the gratuity amounting to Rs.16,520/- and no further gratuity is payable as the provisions of the Gratuity Act do not apply to the instant case.
We have thoughtfully considered the submissions made by learned counsel for the petitioner- department and regret our inability to accept the same because the definition of expression 'employee' in Section 2 (e) has to be read with Section 5 and 14 of the Gratuity Act. The aforementioned provisions of Section 2 (e), 5 and 14 are extracted below for faclity of reference: -
"2 Definitions.- In this Act unless the context otherwise requires,
(e) "employee" means any person (other than an apprentice) employed on wages, (* * *) in any establishment, factory, mine, oilfield, plantation, port, railway, company or shop, to do any skilled, semi-skilled, or unskilled, manual, supervisory, technical or clerical work, whether the terms of such employment are express or implied, (and whether or not such person is employed in a managerial or administrative capacity, but does not include any such person who holds a post under the Central Government or a State Government and is governed by any other Act or by any rules providing for payment of gratuity.
5. Power to exempt.- [(1)] The appropriate Government may, by notification, and subject to such conditions as may, be specified in the notification, exempt any establishment, factory, mine, oilfield, plantation, port, railway company or shop to which this Act applies from the operation of the provisions of this Act if, in the opinion of the appropriate Government, the employees in such establishment, factory, mine, oilfield, plantation, port, railway company or shop are in receipt of gratuity or pensionary benefits not less favourable than the benefits conferred under this Act.]
(2) The appropriate Government may, by notification and subject to such conditions as may be specified in the notification, exempt any employee or class of employees employed in any establishment, factory, mine, oilfield, plantation, port, railway company or shop to which this Act applies from the operation of the provisions of this Act, if, in the opinion of the appropriate Government, such employee or class of employees are in receipt of gratuity or pensionary benefits nor less favourable than the benefits conferred under this Act.]
[(3) A notification issued under sub section (1) or sub section (2) may be issued retrospectively a date not earlier than the date of commencement of this Act, but no such notification shall be issued so as to prejudicially affect the interest of any person.]
14. Act to override other enactments, etc.- The provisions of this Act or any rule made thereunder shall have effect notwithstanding anything inconsistent therewith contained in any enactment other than this Act or in any instrument or contract having effect by virtue of any enactment other than this Act."
According to the definition of expression employee, any person who is employed on wages in any establishment, factory, mine etc., who may be performing the duty of a skilled, semi-skilled, or unskilled, supervisory, technical or duties of clerical nature, has been included in the expression' employee'. However, the expression 'employee' is not to /include a person who holds a post under the Central Government or State Government and is governed by any other Act or by any Rules providing for payment of gratuity. The respondent- workman is not governed by Central Civl Services (Classification, Control and Appeal) Rules, 1965, as has been expressly held by Hon'ble Supreme Court in para 3 of the judgment in Kameshwar Parshad's case (supra). It has further been held that the Extra Departmental Agent are entitled to the protection of Article 311 (2) of the Constitution and they are governed by separate set of Rules, namely, the EDA Rules. Therefore, it does not follow that the Extra Departmental Agent hold a post under the Central Government for the purposes of pension and gratuity. In other words, within the meaning of Section 2 (e) of the Gratuity Act, the respondent- workman cannot held to have held a post under the Central Government for the purposes of pension and gratuity. Para 3 and 4of the judgment is extracted below for the facility of reference:
"3. The Extra Departmental Agents are government servants holding a civil post and are entitled to the protection of Article 311(2) of the Constitution (See: Supdt. of Post Offices v. P.K. Rajamma).They are governed by separate set of rules, viz., the Posts and Telegraphs Extra Departmental Agents (Conduct and Service) Rules, 1964 (hereinafter referred to as "the Rules").The Central Civil Services (Classification, Control and Appeal) Rules are not applicable to this category of employees in view of the notification dated 28.1.1957 issued by the Government of India under Rule 3 (3) of the said Rules.
4. In Rule 4 of the Rules it is provided that the employees shall not be entitled to any pension. . Rule 5 relates to leave. Rule 6 deals with the termination of services. Rule 7 prescribes nature of penalties that can be imposed. Rule 8 prescribes the procedure for imposing a penalty. Rule 8-A specifies the cases in which the provisions of Rule 8 would not be applicable."
We are further of the view that the scheme of the Gratuity Act indicates that it is not applicable to cases where any other rule or statute is more beneficial than the Gratuity Act. For the aforementioned proposition, reliance may be placed on a judgment of the Supreme Court in the case of E.I.D. Parry (I) Limited v. G. Onkar Murthy, (2001) 4 SCC 68. The converse would also be true that in cases where the Gratuity Act is more beneficial than the Rules, Regulations or any statute then the Gratuity Act would apply. It is evident that Section 5 of the Gratuity Act expressly requires an order of exemption in favour of any organistion exempting it from the operation of the Gratuity Act in respect of any establishment etc. to which this Act applies. Section 5 further lays down that the declaration is given in cases where the gratuity or pensionary benefits are not less favourable then the benefits conferred under this Act. A perusal of Section 14 makes it obvious that the provisions of the Act and the Rules framed thereunder ought to have the effect notwithstanding anything inconsistent therewith contained in any enactment other than this Act. This non-obstante clause also excludes the application of any other rules. The aforementioned view is fully supported by a judgment of the Supreme Court in the case of Municipal Corporation of Delhi v. Dharam Parkash Sharma and other, (1998) 7 SCC 221. The short question which was considered by their lordships was, whether an employee of the Municipal Corporation, Delhi was entitled to payment of gratuity under the Gratuity Act when the Corporation itself had adopted the provisions of Central Civil Service (Pension) Rules, 1972, which provide both for payment of pension as well as of gratuity. The Hon'ble Supreme Court rejected the argument of the Corporation, namely, that when the Central Civil Service (Pension) Rules, 1972, provide a package by itself, which has been applied to the employees of the Corporation then the provisions of Gratuity Act were not applicable and held as under: -
"We have examined carefully the provisions of the Pension Rules as well as the provisions of the Payment of Gratuity Act. The Payment of Gratuity Act being a special provision for payment of gratuity, unless there is any provision therein which excludes its applicability to an employee who is otherwise governed by the provisions of the Pension Rules, it is not possible for us to hold that the respondent is not entitled to the gratuity under the Payment of Gratuity Act. The only provision which was pointed out is the definition of "employee" in Section 2(e) which excludes the employees of the Central Government and State Governments receiving pension and gratuity under the Pension Rules but not an employee of the MCD. The MCD employee, therefore, would be entitled to the payment of gratuity provided for under the Payment of Gratuity Act. The mere fact that the gratuity is provided for under the Pension Rules will not disentitle him to get the payment of gratuity under the Payment of Gratuity Act. In view of the overriding provisions contained in Section 14 of the Payment of Gratuity Act, the provision for gratuity under the Pension Rules will have no effect. Possibly for this reason, Section 5 of the Payment of Gratuity Act has conferred authority on the appropriate Government to exempt any establishment from the operation of the provisions of the Act, if in its opinion the employees of such establishment are in receipt of gratuity or pensionary benefits not less favourable than the benefits conferred under this Act. Admittedly, MCD has not taken any steps to invoke the power of the Central Government under Section 5 of the Payment of Gratuity Act. In the aforesaid premises, we are of the considered opinion that the employees of the MCD would be entitled to the payment of gratuity under the Payment of Gratuity Act notwithstanding the fact that the provisions of the Pension Rules have been made applicable to them for the purpose of determining the pension. Needless to mention that the employees cannot claim gratuity available under the Pension Rules."
The aforementioned observation in fact squarely apply to the facts of the present case. There is no declaration under Section 5 exempting the application of the Gratuity Act to Extra Departmental Agents. Moreover, the EDA Rules, are not more beneficial than the benefits which are available to the respondent- workman under the Gratuity Act. Such a declaration could not have been given by the competent authority exempting the Extra Departmental Agents from the operation of the provisions of the Gratuity Act. Therefore, on principle as well as on precedents, we have reached the conclusion that the view taken by the Controlling Authority as well as Appellate Authority are not open to any attack in law and it does not furnish any opportunity to interfere with the same. Therefore, we are inclined to uphold the order dated August 21, 2003 (P-3) passed by the Controlling Authority and the order dated January 5, 2006 (P-6) passed by the Appellate Authority.
The argument of the learned counsel that the respondent workman is not covered by the definition of expression 'employee' as used in Section 2 (e) of the Gratuity Act does not require any detailed consideration because of the view expressed by the Hon'ble Supreme court in Dharam Parkash Sharma's case (supra). In that case also Central Civil Service (Pension) Rules, 1972 were adopted by the Municipal Corporation, yet the Hon'ble Supreme Court held that the Gratuity Act would apply in view of Section 5 read with Section 14 of the Gratuity Act. Therefore, we have no hesitation in rejecting the argument raised on behalf of the petitioner- department.
For the reasons aforementioned, this petition fails and the same is dismissed.
Accordingly, we direct that the respondent- workman be paid her dues within a period of one month from today, failing which the annum from the date, the amount became due till the date of actual payment.
The office is directed to send a copy of 'this order to the respondent- workman for information and further necessary action.
M.M.KUMAR M.M. S. BADI
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LANDMARK JUDGMENT OF HON'BLE HIGH COURT OF PUNJAB AND HARYANA PAYMENT OF GRATUITY ACT, 1972:- PAYMENT OF GRATUITY TO SH. AVTAR SINGH GRAMIN DAK SEVAKS (DUE TO HIS RESIGNATION).
IN THE HIGH COURTH OF PUNJAB AND HARYANA AT
C.W.C. No. 5290 of 2009
DATED OF DECISIOIN: 01.04.2009
Senior Superintendent of Post Offices. Hoshiarpur Division, Hoshiarpur
Shri Avtar Singh and others
CORAM: - HON'BLE MR. JUSTICE SATISH KUMAR MITTAL
Present: Mr. Namit Kumar, Advocate,
for the petitioner.
SATISH KUMAR MITTAL.,J
The petitioner has filed this petition under Article 226 of the Constitution of India for quashing the orders dated 1.2.2008 (Annexure P-5) and 10.11.2008 (Annexure P-7), passed by the Controlling Authority and the Appellate Authority, respectively, whereby the application filed by respondent No.1 for payment of gratuity under the Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972 bas been accepted and the petitioner has been directed to pay an amount of Rs.43,232/- along with interest.
A perusal of the order, Annexure P-7, indicates that the authority has taken notice of a Division Bench judgment of the Court in the case ofSr. Supdt. of Post Offices vs. Smt. Sham Dulari & others (CWP No. 7576 of 2006), decided on 18.5.2006), whereupon relief has been granted to the respondents. It has further been contended that the order was challenged before the Hon'ble Supreme Court of India. The same, however, has been upheld.
Learned counsel for the petitioner has been very fair in appending the judgment passed by the Division Bench of this Court, referred to above, as Annexure P-8, reported as 2006 (3) SCT 577.
Considering the fact that learned counsel for the petitioner has not been able to distinguish the judgment of the Division Bench of this Court, no ground for interference by this Court is made out.
Learned counsel for the petitioner has raised an additional issue of delay on the part of the respondent in approaching the authorities. The issue has been dealt with in impugned order. Annexure P-5. It has been recorded that delay was caused for reasons beyond the control of the petitioner and therefore, is condoned to meet the ends of social justice. I find no reason to interfere with the said reasoning.
The petition is, accordingly, dismissed.
Shri Satish Kumar Mittal,
BEFPRE THE CPNTROLLING AUTHORITY UNDER PAYMENT OF GRATUITY ACT, 1972 AND ASSISTANT LABOUR COMMISSIONER (CENTRAL), CHANDIGARH IN THE MATTER OF GRATUITY CASE FILED BY SHRI AVTAR SINGH, AGAINST THE SENIOR SUPERINTENDENT OF POST OFFICES, HOSHIARPUR.
CONTROLLING AUTHORITY UNDER PAYMENT OF GRATUITY ACT 1972, AND ASSISTANT LABOUR COMMISSIONER (CENTRAL)-li
SHRI AVTAR SINGH, S/O SH. JAGAT SINGH
C/O SH. R.K. SINGH PARMAR, 211-L, BRARI,
DISTT. ROPAR. APPLICANT.
SENIOR SUPERINTENDENT OF POST OFFICES,
DEPTT. OF POST & TELEGRAPHS,
SH. R.K. SINGH PARMAR, AUTHORISED REP FOR APPLICANT
SHRI HARMESH LAL, SPM GARSHANKAR AUTHORISED REP FOR NON-APPLICATN
UNDER SECTION 7(4) OF THE PAYMENT FO GRATUITY ACT, 1972 AND RULE 11(4)
This is an application in form 'N' under sub rule 1 of the rule 10 of the Payment of Gratuity (Central) Rules, 1972 (hereinafter referred to as "The Rule") filed by Shri Avtar Singh (hereinafter referred to as the "Applicant") claiming gratuity for the period of service rendered in Sr. Superintendent of Post Offices, Hoshiarpur (hereinafter referred to as the 'Non applicant'). The applicant in his application dated 19.2.07 has prayed this authority to issue necessary directions upon the Non-Applicant to pay him due gratuity along with interest on delayed payment of gratuity. A copy of application in Form-N submitted by the applicant was sent to the opposite party for comments as well as to attend hearing on 4.4.07. The case was further heard on various dates and finally concluded on 17.12.07.
On perusal of the application, it found that the service of applicant Sh. Avtar Singh, was terminated on 29.8.05 due to his resignation. The applicant has filed the application on 19.2.07 i.e. after the lapse of about 2 years, hence, there is delay in filing of application on the part of applicant. The applicant has also filed an application dated 19.2.07 requesting this authority to condone the delay involved in the matter by submitting the reasons of delay but failed to appreciate expressively for day to day delay condonation in the matter.
The matter has been taken into the record. A notice in form 'O' was issued upon the non applicant, with the copy to the applicant, advising them to attend hearing on 4.4.07, in person or through a duly authorized representative for the purpose of answering all material question relating to the application in support of/ to answer the allegations.
The applicant during the hearing argued this authority to condone the delay involved in the matter, as he was ignorant about the provisions of law. In this connection it has been observed that there are several judgments of Hon'ble high Court and Supreme Court of the Country, which enables the applicant to get the condonation on delay being the payment of Gratuity Act is a social legislation. "The court have observed that the gratuity is social welfare legislation Workers cannot be deprived of the same merely on account of late filing of application. Discretion exercised accordingly is just and proper. No. Interference required-Textmo Limited Vs. Ramdhan 1992 (65) FLR 742 (
Under the circumstances, I find that the delay is caused beyond the control of the applicant and the matter is condonable, hence, condoned to meet the end of social justice.
The applicant in his application submitted that he has joined establishment of Non-Applicant on 2.11.76 and his services were terminated on 29.8.2005 on resignation. He has submitted that his last drawn wages was Rs. 2584/- PM including DA and he has completed 28 year 9 months and 27 days i.e. 29 years of Continuous Services in the establishment of Non-Applicant. The applicant requested to issue necessary directions upon the Non-Applicant to enable him to get gratuity alongwith interest on delay payment of gratuity.
During the course of argument in the matter, the representative of Non-Applicant informed that the applicant is not entitled to get gratuity as he was a Govt. employees. They have further submitted that the applicant is not falling within the definition of 'Employees' under Section 2-e of PG Act,1972 in the light of Hon'ble Supreme Court of India decision in case of Union of India and others Vs Kameshwar Parshad (1998) SCC(L&S) 447 in which the Hon'ble Supreme court has held that the EDA employees are holding post under Central Govt. The applicant submitted that the contention of Non-Applicant is not proportionate as he was not holding the post under Central Govt. nor the Non-Applicant has paid gratuity in accordance with the provisions of D.C.R.G. as applicable to the Central Govt. employees. The Applicant further pleaded that the Hon'ble Supreme Court of India in case of Kameshwar Parshad have not held that the EDA Employees holding posting under Central Govt. are not entitled to get gratuity under the provisions of Payment of Gratuity Act,1972.. The Supreme Court has simply held that EDA employees are Civil servant and entitled for protection under article under 311(2) of the Constitution of India. In support of his pleading, the applicant drawn the attention towards the provisions of Section 5 and 14 of PG Act,1972 by which the provisions of PG Act to over rides the provisions of EDA (Conduct and Services Rules) and nothing shall effect the right of employees to receive better terms of gratuity. The bone contention of the Non-Applicant is that the claim of applicant is not admissible under the provisions of PG Act as the applicant was not an employees within the meaning of Section 2-e of the PG Act. Moreover, the services of applicant was governed by EDA (Conduct and Services) Rules.
Under the circumstances, it is amply clear that the applicant was holding a post not Governed under CCS (Pension) Rules. The services condition of the workman was governed under the provision of E.D. Agents. The EDA (Extra Departmental Agents) no known as Gramin Dak Sevaks but the provisions of EDA (Conduct and Services) Rules are less favorable than the provisions of PG Act,1072. Under the circumstances, I am of the opinion that the applicant will fall within the ambit of Section 2(e) of PG Act, 1972. Further there is no dispute regarding the date of appointment, the date of termination and the amount of last drawn wages, as the same has been verified by the non-applicant from their official records. In view of foregoing discussion, I have no hesitation to consider that the applicant is entitled for the gratuity in accordance with the provision of PG Act,1972. The Representative of No-Applicant has also not disputed about that continuance of the service between the dated of appointment and the date of termination. The applicant is entitled for payment of gratuity as under:-
Last drawn wages 2584/-
Date of appointment 2.11.1976.
Date of terminated 29.8.2005
Total period of services 28 years 9 months & 27 days (say 29 years)
Gratuity payable @ 15 days for each completed year of service and part thereof, thus amount of
gratuity will be:-
The applicant was thus entitled for the gratuity amounting to Rs.43232/- on the date of terminated of his service i.e. 29.8.2005.
Summing up my findings I hold that the applicant is entitled to receive the gratuity amounting to Rs.43232/- alongwith simple interest @ 10% per annum on the gratuity amount of Rs.43232/- from 29.8.2005 to the date of payment.
This is my findings and directions in this regard issued accordingly.
Issued under my hand and Seal on this day of 1-2-2008.
Controlling Authority under PG Act, 1972 &
Assistant Labour Commissioner (Central)
2.CENTRAL, CAT NEW DELHI JUDGEMENT ON PENSION FOR GDS